The medical term for shin splints is more fancy. It’s called Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome.
In a nutshell, shin splints are a cumulative stress disorder. They typically affect people who engage in moderate to heavy physical activity. It’s the repeated pounding and stress on the bones, muscles, and joints of the lower legs that often lead to shin splints.
There are two types of shin splints, anterior and posterior. Anterior shin splints occur in the front of the leg, while posterior are felt along the inside of the leg.
When your tibial muscles, tendons, and bone tissue becomes overworked for one reason or another, and the lining of the bone becomes inflamed, it leads to painful shin splints.
If you experience shin splints while hiking, exercising, or working out, you may decide to follow the common advice to “push through it.”
But that’s a dangerous myth… as the more you continue with the activity, the worse the horrific pain becomes.
Shin splints are common in people who participate in activities that involve high impact stresses on the feet and legs.
So, if you participate in strenuous physical activities and stop-start sports, you’re at higher risk for developing shin splints, such as running, tennis, racquetball, gymnastics, soccer, basketball and more.